Daily Chart: The decline in South Africa’s cattle, sheep and pig slaughtering activity

The 2015-16 drought led to higher slaughtering activity in livestock industry (cattle, pigs and sheep) as farmers struggled to feed their stock amid higher feed costs, coupled with drier pastures. With the drought now behind us (with the exception of the Western Cape province), farmers have started rebuilding their herds.

Moreover, the relatively lower maize and soybean prices, as well as a good recovery in pastures have provided a conducive environment for the livestock rebuilding process. This, however, has led to a decline in slaughtering activity in almost all the aforementioned subsectors (see featured image).

Data from the Red Meat Levy Admin shows that cattle slaughtering activity softened by 5% month-on-month (m/m) and 11% year-on-year (y/y) in February 2018, with 185 262 head of cattle slaughtered. In the same month, sheep slaughtering activity declined by 10% m/m and 23% y/y, with 286 564 head of sheep. Moreover, pigs slaughtering also soften by 13% m/m and 3% y/y, with 208 118 head slaughtered.

Above all, these slaughtering dynamics partially explain why meat inflation remained stickier in 2017. This year’s meat price inflation will again partially be influenced by the path of this slaughtering activity.

One will have to monitor these developments over the coming months in order to see if the current trend persists for longer or shows improvement, and thereafter ascertain the impact on prices.

Follow me on Twitter (@WandileSihlobo). E-mail: wandile@agbiz.co.za

Author: Wandile Sihlobo

Wandile Sihlobo is an agricultural economist and head of agribusiness research at the Agricultural Business Chamber (Agbiz) in South Africa. He is a columnist for Business Day and Farmers Weekly magazine. Sihlobo is a member of the South African Agricultural Economics Association. He has previously served as an economist at Grain South Africa. He holds a Master of Science degree in Agricultural Economics from Stellenbosch University.

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